Cleopatra VII


Cleopatra VII
(69–30 BC)
   Last queen of Egypt. The daughter of Ptolemy XI, she came to the throne when she was seventeen and reigned with her brother Ptolemy XII, whom she had married according to the Egyptian royal custom. A short while later she quarrelled with her brother and was forced to flee to Syria, where she met and fascinated JULIUS CAESAR, who was there with POMPEY. Caesar sent troops to Egypt on her behalf, her brother Ptolemy was killed and Cleopatra became sole ruler. She lived openly as the mistress of Julius Caesar until he was assassinated, and she then became the mistress of Mark Antony.
   When HEROD THE GREAT fled to Egypt in 40 BC after the invasion of Judea by the Parthians, Cleopatra received him kindly. But she turned hostile when Herod became king of Judea under Roman patronage, as she coveted the country for herself. She intrigued against Herod with the help of his mother-in- law, who was incensed at Herod’s murder of her son. Antony was loath to sacrifice his Judean henchman, but was forced to appease Cleopatra with grants of coastal towns in Judea - the prized bitumen of the Dead Sea, and the famous date palms and balsam groves of Jericho, which Herod was obliged to hire from her. Herod was too shrewd to challenge her openly. When she visited Jerusalem he entertained her sumptuously and escorted her to Egypt.
   Antony and Cleopatra were defeated by Octavian at Actium in 31 BC. They fled to Alexandria where they both committed suicide, Cleopatra by putting an asp in her bosom. With her death Egypt became a Roman province. Cleopatra had three children by Mark Antony and possibly a son by Julius Caesar.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Cleopatra VII — «Cleopatra» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase Cleopatra (desambiguación). Cleopatra VII Reina Faraón de la Dinastía Ptolemaica Reinado …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cleopatra VII — Cleopatra es un nombre griego que significa «el orgullo de su padre». Cleopatra Filopator Nea Thea, Cleopatra VII, fue la última reina de Egipto, de la dinastía helénica de los Ptolomeo, aquella que fue creada por Ptolomeo I Sóter, general de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cleopatra VII — Queen 51 30 BC.     The last of the Macedonian rulers of Egypt, Cleopatra VII has been preserved in legend as a woman of formidable intellect and ambition who used her beauty and charm to advance Egypt s fortunes. In 51 BC, she became joint ruler …   Ancient Egypt

  • Cleopatra VII — (69 30 BC) famous Egyptian queen …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Cleopatra VII Philopator — (c. 69–30 BC)    Egyptian queen. Daughter of Ptolemy XII and possibly Cleopatra VI Tryphaena. She succeeded her father alongside her younger brother and consort, Ptolemy XIII, with whom she soon fell out. Their civil war was interrupted by the… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Cultural depictions of Cleopatra VII — Cleopatra VII and her reign have been the subject of literature, films, plays, television programs, and art. PLEASE NOTE: Only those with Wikipedia articles are cited Contents 1 Advertising 2 Art 3 Astronomy 4 Ballet …   Wikipedia

  • Estatua de basalto negro de Cleopatra VII — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Imagen de la estatua de Cleopatra de Egipto en el Museo Hermitage de San Petesburgo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cleopatra V of Egypt — Cleopatra V Tryphaena of Egypt (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα, born c. 95 BC, died c. 69/68 BC or c. 57 BC) was a Ptolemaic Queen of Egypt. She is the only surely attested wife of Ptolemy XII. Contents 1 Descent and marriage 2 Death and identity …   Wikipedia

  • CLEOPATRA° — CLEOPATRA°, a name common to several Egyptian queens, the most important of whom are the following: CLEOPATRA I, daughter of antiochus iii and Laodice, daughter of mithridates , king of Pontus. Antiochus III, taking advantage of Egypt s weakness …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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