Bernstein, Leonard


Bernstein, Leonard
(1918–90)
   US conductor and composer. Leonard Bernstein as a conductor earned a special place in the annals of the Israel Symphony Orchestra. In 1949, he persuaded them to ride in trucks and follow the Israel army south to Beersheba, which had just been taken. There among the ruins of a building and with the sound of gunfire in the distance, the orchestra played to weary soldiers and nurses and a handful of Arabs. He was a frequent guest conductor in Israel after that.
   Born in Lawrence, Mass., Bernstein studied composition and piano and then learnt conducting from Serge KOUSSEVITZKY. In 1943 he became assistant conductor of the New York Philharmonic, rising to music director and conductor in 1958. After 1969 he devoted himself to composition. He wrote a number of symphonic and vocal works, including Jeremiah Symphony (1944) and Kaddish (1963), to Hebrew texts, and Mass in Time of War (1972). He also had great success with popular music, in particular his score for the musical West Side Story (1957). He experimented with jazz, lectured and gave outstanding concerts for the young seen on television in many parts of the world. His later works include the Dybbuk Ballet (1974), Haiti (1980) which is a tribute to the soldiers who died in the Israel wars, and Jubilee Games (1986), written for the fiftieth anniversary of the Israeli Philharmonic Orchestra. Among his many awards, he received a lifetime achievement Grammy award (1985), a gold medal from the American Academy of Arts and Letters (1985), a gold medal from the British Royal Philharmonic Society (1987) and was decorated Commandeur du Legion d’Honneur (1986).

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • BERNSTEIN, LEONARD — (1918–1990), U.S. composer and conductor. Bernstein was born in Lawrence, Mass., and studied at Harvard (1935–39), the Curtis Institute (1939–41), and the Berkshire Music Center (summers of 1940 and 1941), where he took composition with Walter… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bernstein, Leonard — born Aug. 25, 1918, Lawrence, Mass., U.S. died Oct. 14, 1990, New York, N.Y. U.S. conductor, composer, and writer. He resolved on a music career only after graduating from Harvard University. He studied conducting at the Curtis Institute of Music …   Universalium

  • Bernstein, Leonard — ► (1918 90) Compositor, director y pianista estadounidense. Su obra evidencia la influencia del jazz y de la música popular. Entre sus obras destaca el musical West Side Story (1957). * * * (25 ago. 1918, Lawrence, Mass., EE.UU.–14 oct. 1990,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bernstein,Leonard — Bern·stein (bûrnʹstīn , stēn ), Leonard. 1918 1990. American conductor and composer who wrote numerous choral and symphonic works, including Kaddish (1963), and musicals, notably On the Town (1944) and West Side Story (1957). * * * …   Universalium

  • Bernstein, Leonard — (1918 90)    American composer and conductor. He was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts. He became director and conductor of the New York Philharmonic. His many works on Jewish subjects include the symphonies Jeremiah and Kaddish …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Bernstein, Leonard (Louis) — (25 August 1918, Lawrence, Mass. – 14 October 1990, New York)    Conductor and composer of concert music and Broadway shows, he composed two symphonies employing Jewish chants sung by choruses, the Jeremiah Symphony (1943) and the Kaddish… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Leonard Bernstein — ( * [http://www.sonybmgmasterworks.com/artists/leonardbernstein/ Discography at SonyBMG Masterworks] * [http://fas www.harvard.edu/ musicdpt/bernsteinindex.htm Bernstein s Boston] , a Harvard University research project *… …   Wikipedia

  • Léonard Bernstein — Leonard Bernstein  Ne doit pas être confondu avec le compositeur américain de musique de film Elmer Bernstein Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bernstein. Leonard Bernstein …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Léonard — Leonard oder Léonard ist eine Form des Namens Leonhard. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bekannte Namensträger 1.1 Vorname 1.2 Familienname 1.3 Künstlername // …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernstein — Bernstein, Eduard Bernstein, Leonard * * * (as used in expressions) Bernstein, Eduard Bernstein, Leonard Morris Louis Bernstein …   Enciclopedia Universal